Tree or Wood Kingfishers Photographed in Forest/Woodland near Water Habitats
Tree or wood kingfishers are in the Halcyoninae subfamily of birds, which belongs to the order Coraciiformes that inhabit forests and woodland located near water. I photographed the tree kingfisher images in Singapore’s Parks and Gardens, a semi-urban environment and the Kookaburra in Australia’s Grampian Mountains.
The largest species of kingfisher found in Singapore is the stork-billed kingfisher (Pelargopsis capensis – genus synonym Halcyon capensis) they hunt from perches close to both fresh and salt water and plunge into catch fish. They also eat crabs, frogs, etc. They don’t frequent urban areas preferring the coast and mangroves.
The first four images in the gallery show a stork-billed kingfisher diving into the water in the Japanese Garden’s small lake in East Jurong, stabbing a fish and flying off to devour its prey. The other four images show the kingfisher perched in a tree watching for an opportunity to hunt.
The collared kingfisher (Todiramphus chloris) originally in the Ardeidae family but sometimes paced in the Halcyonidae family (genus synonym Halcyon chloris). Other common names include White-Collared Kingfisher and Mangrove Kingfisher. It feeds on a variety of food including fish, crustaceans, insects and worms probably why it’s the most widespread kingfisher in Singapore found in its parks and gardens. The Botanic Gardens are a good place to see and photograph them, especially during the breeding season when they gather in small family groups. I spent several hours on different days photographing a family group of two immature birds and their parents feeding on small insects and earthworms. I was fortunate to get close to an immature bird waiting to be feed.
The white-throated kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis) is a tree kingfisher that I photographed in Singapore’s Botanic Garden and Japanese Garden in Jurong. Also, known as the white-breasted kingfisher, is less common than the collared kingfisher but found in similar habitats, and hunts for similar food. Seen singly or sometimes in pairs, being illusive and difficult to photograph.
I photographed the Laughing Kookaburra (Dacelo novaeguineae) near MacKenzie Falls in Victoria’s Grampian Mountains National Park. Kookaburras frequent Eucalyptus forest and woodland and prey on earthworms, snails and small vertebrates feeding mainly on the ground.
Featured Tree Kingfisher Species, Coraciiformes order, Halcyoninae family