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New World Neotropic Oscine and Suboscine Passerine Birds Photographed in a Forest and Rural Garden Habitat

Images on this webpage feature oscine and suboscine passerine bird species I photographed in the New World neotropic region of Trinidad, mostly in the forest and non-formal garden at the Asa Wright Nature Centre and Lodge, which is located in Trinidad’s Northern Range. The Asa Wright centre is an old cocoa, coffee, citrus plantation that has been partly reclaimed by secondary forest and is now operated as a Nature Reserve. Most of the featured bird species can also be found in many other habitats, such as savanna, shrubland, grassland, inland wetland, urban, etcetera, while others are exclusively found in one, such as forest.

Tanagers and their Allies

The image galley features eight species of tanager and their allies, six of which are from the Thraupidae family, the scarlet tanager belongs to the Cardinalidae family and the bananaquit to the Coerebidae family. Some tanagers are sexual dimorphic; both male and female images of silver-beaked, white-lined, green honeycreeper and purple honeycreeper are featured. There are probably around two to three hundred species.

My favourite dimorphic bird is the purple honeycreeper; the female has green legs, cinnamon checks and throat with green-streaked yellowish-buff underparts contrasting significantly with the male. The female green honeycreeper is named after the female the male is light blue with a blackhead.

Featured tanagers and their allies, oscine passerines, Passeriformes order

Thraupidae (Tanagers) family

Blue-grey Tanager (Thraupis episcopus)

Palm Tanager (Thraupis palmarum)

Silver-beaked Tanager (Ramphocelus carbo) {M&F}

White-lined Tanager (Tachyphonus rufus) {M&F}

Green Honeycreeper (Chlorophanes spiza) {M&F}

Purple Honeycreeper (Cyanerpes caeruleus) {M&F}

Coerebidae (Bananaquit) family

Bananaquit (Coereba flaveola)

Cardinalidae (Cardinals) family

Female Scarlet Tanager (Piranga olivacea)

Blackbirds, Mockingbirds and Thrushes

Five of the twenty-six species of New World blackbirds from the Icteridae family together with a mockingbird and a thrush are featured in the gallery.  This group of birds varies in size and has the largest passerine in the New World, the giant cowbird that I photographed at La Vaga Estate lakes along with and the hooded-oriole and the yellow-hooded blackbird the latter prefers inland wetland habitats. The spectacled thrush was collecting nest material for a nest it was building in the Asa Wright garden.

Featured New World blackbirds, thrushes and mockingbird, oscine passerines, Passeriformes order

Icteridae (New World Blackbirds) family

Giant Cowbird (Molothrus oryzivorus)

Hooded Oriole (Icterus cucullatus)

Yellow Oriole (Icterus nigrogularis)

Yellow-hooded Blackbird (Chrysomus icterocephalus)

Crested Oropendola (Psarocolius decumanus)

Turdidae (Thrushes) family

Spectacled Thrush (Turdus nudigenis)

Mimidae (Mockingbirds) family

Tropical Mockingbird (Mimus gilvus)

Euphonia and Swallows

Just three species feature in this galley including male and female images of the dimorphic violaceous euphonia that belong to the Euphonia family, which has less than thirty small sized birds from 9 cm to 11 cm long. The blue and white swallow photographed at La Vaga Estate lakes, winters in Trinidad and is a small bird about the same size as Euphonia.

Featured euphonia and swallows, oscine passerines, Passeriformes order

Fringillidae (Euphonia) family

Violaceous euphonia (Euphonia violacea)

Hirundinidae (Swallows) family

Blue-and-white Swallow (Notiochelidon cyanoleuca) synonym is Pygochelidon cyanoleuca

Tyrant Flycatchers, Antbirds, Ovenbirds, Manakins and Cotingas

Birds in this section are from the suboscine in the Passeriformes order and feature seven images of birds from five different families. This group of birds can be found in a forest habitat, the great kiskadee and barred antshrike also inhabit many other types. The image of the white-headed marsh tyrant, I photographed at La Vaga Estate lakes, is grouped for convenience but its habitat is savanna and inland wetlands rather than forest or rural gardens.


Featured suboscines from the Passeriformes order

Cotingidae (Cotingas) family

Bearded Bellbird (Procnias averano)

Tyrannidae Tyrant (Flycatchers) family

Great Kiskadee (Pitangus sulphuratus)

White-headed Marsh Tyrant (Arundinicola leucocephala)

Thamnophilidae (Antbirds) family

Barred Antshrike (Thamnophilus doliatus)

Pipridae (Manakins) family

Golden-headed Manakin (Pipra erythrocephala)

White-bearded Manakin (Manacus manacus)

Furnariidae (Ovenbirds) family

Plain-brown Woodcreeper (Dendrocincla fuliginosa)

Male White-lined Tanager (Tachyphonus rufus), Trinidad, 2015 Female White-lined Tanager (Tachyphonus rufus), Trinidad, 2015 Male Green Honeycreeper (Chlorophanes spiza), Trinidad, 2015 Female Green Honeycreeper (Chlorophanes spiza), Trinidad, 2015 Male Silver-beaked Tanager (Ramphocelus carbo), Trinidad, 2015 Female Silver-beaked Tanager (Ramphocelus carbo), Trinidad, 2015 Palm Tanager (Thraupis palmarum), Trinidad, 2015 Female Purple Honeycreeper (Cyanerpes caeruleus), Trinidad, 2015 Blue-grey Tanager (Thraupis episcopus), Trinidad, 2015 Bananaquit (Coereba flaveola), Trinidad, 2015 Male Purple Honeycreeper (Cyanerpes caeruleus), Trinidad, 2015 Female Scarlet Tanager (Piranga olivacea), Trinidad, 2015 Crested Oropendola (Psarocolius decumanus), Trinidad, 2015 Spectacled Thrush (Turdus nudigenis), Trinidad, 2015 Female Hooded Oriole (Icterus cucullatus), Trinidad, 2015 Giant Cowbird (Molothrus oryzivorus), Trinidad, 2015 Yellow-hooded Blackbird (Chrysomus icterocephalus), Trinidad, 2015 Tropical Mockingbird (Mimus gilvus), Trinidad, 2015 Crested Oropendola (Psarocolius decumanus), Trinidad, 2015 Yellow Oriole (Icterus nigrogularis), Trinidad, 2015 Male Violaceous Euphonia (Euphonia violacea), Trinidad, 2015 Blue-and-white Swallow (Notiochelidon cyanoleuca) synonym (Pygochelidon cyanoleuca), Trinidad, 2015 Male Violaceous Euphonia (Euphonia violacea), Trinidad, 2015 Female Violaceous Euphonia (Euphonia violacea), Trinidad, 2015 Bearded Bellbird (Procnias averano), Trinidad, 2015 Barred Antshrike (Thamnophilus doliatus), Trinidad, 2015 Great Kiskadee (Pitangus sulphuratus), Trinidad, 2015 Bearded Bellbird (Procnias averano), Trinidad, 2015 White-headed Marsh Tyrant (Arundinicola leucocephala), Trinidad, 2015 White-bearded Manakin (Manacus manacus), Trinidad, 2015 Golden-headed Manakin (Pipra erythrocephala), Trinidad, 2015 Plain-brown Woodcreeper (Dendrocincla fuliginosa), Trinidad, 2015