Copyright © 2005-2017 Ray Plowman All Rights Reserved
Travel is to make a journey, typically of some length.
Photography is the art or practice of taking and processing photographs.
To answer the question is straightforward: Travel Photography is about capturing the essence of the journey and the destination at a particular moment in time – it could include nature (landscape, animals and plants), wildlife, people and culture images.
Nature is the phenomenon of the physical world collectively, including landscape, animals and plants and other features and products of the earth, as opposed to humans or human creations.
Landscape is the visible feature of an area of land, often considered in terms of their aesthetic appeal.
Wildlife collectively are wild animals, the native fauna (and sometimes flora) of a region.
Animals (Fauna) is animals which are living organisms which feed on organic matter, typically having specialized sense organs and nervous system and able to respond rapidly to stimuli.
Plant (Flora) is living organisms of the kind exemplified by trees, shrubs, herbs, grasses, ferns and mosses, typically growing in a permanent site, absorbing water and inorganic substances through its roots and synthesizing nutrients in its leaves by photosynthesis using the green pigment chlorophyll'.
Nature Photography therefore includes landscapes, animals and plants. However, I prefer to categorise Nature Photography as capturing Landscape and Wildlife where wildlife includes images of animals (fauna) and plants (flora).
One school of thought suggests – animals in captive environments are not wild animals since the environment is a human creation and a garden full of hybridised plants or a botanic garden, both human creations, are not natural and therefore not part of nature. Applying the human creations argument to landscape photography then they should exclude manmade things such as roads, buildings, etc.
I think excluding human creations from nature (landscape, animal and plant) photography misses the point – it should be about being creative. Provided the situation is obvious or a note is included in the description that the animal is captive or a plant is in a garden then I think it can be considered as wildlife albeit in a captive environment. Including fabricated features in a landscape can increase visual affect and appeal. I often include scenes that are completely manmade such as cityscapes. I see no reason to exclude human creations from any of my nature photographs; however, I will point out if an image is in a so-called captive environment.
Some of my favourite places to take landscape, animal and plant photographs are in botanic gardens, wildlife parks and zoos.