Bot Nav Bar Outline Box

Copyright © 2005-2017 Ray Plowman All Rights Reserved

Follow me on Facebook Purple images website banner Follow me on Facebook

Kingfishers, their Allies and Birds of Prey Photographed in Forest/Woodland near Water Habitat

The habitat for most of the featured birds is forest/woodland that is near water, although some of the birds of prey's primary habitat is forest. Images on this webpage and subpages feature three subfamilies of kingfisher (river, tree/wood and water), two species of their allies and six species of birds of prey.

River aCommon or Eurasian Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis) Japanese Garden, Jurong, Singapore, 2013nd Water Kingfishers and their Allies

Most species inhabit forest/woodland near water. The gallery shows highlight images of river and water kingfisher subfamilies and their allies.

I photographed the river kingfishers along with the bee-eater and hornbill in Singapore and the water kingfishers in Trinidad.

River and water kingfisher (Alcedinidae family, Alcedininae and Cerylidae subfamilies respectively) are from the Coraciiformes order and their allies that include bee-eater (Meropidae family, Coraciiformes order) and hornbills (Bucerotidae family, Bucerotiformes order). See taxonomic note below.

Image Highlights of River and Water Kingfisher and their Allies

Coraciiformes order

Cerylinae (Water Kingfisher) family

American Pygmy-kingfisher (Chloroceryle aenea)

Ringed Kingfisher (Megaceryle torquata)

Coraciiformes order

Alcedininae (River Kingfishers) family

Black-backed Kingfisher (ceyx erithacus)

Common or Eurasian Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis)


Coraciiformes order

Meropidae (Bee-eater) family

Blue-throated Bee-eater (Merops viridis)

Bucerotiformes order

Bucerotidae (Hornbills) family

Oriental Pied Hornbill (Anthracoceros albirostris)

Tree or Wood KingfisCollared Kingfisher (Todiramphus chloris), family members feeding, Singapore Botanic Gardens, 2013hers

Most species can be found in woodland habitat near water. The gallery shows highlight images of tree/wood kingfisher subfamily.

Except for the Kookaburra, which I photographed in Australia, the other tree/wood kingfishers were all photographed in Singapore.

All the tree/wood kingfishers belong to the Halcyoninae subfamily, Coraciiformes order.

Image Highlights of Tree or Wood Kingfisher

Coraciiformes order

Halcyonidae (Tree or Wood Kingfisher) family

Collared Kingfisher (Todiramphus chloris)

Laughing Kookaburra (Dacelo novaeguineae)

Stork-billed Kingfisher (Pelargopsis capensis)

White-throated Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis)

Birds of PreyWhite-bellied Sea-eagle (Haliaeetus leucogaster), Dairy Farm Nature Park, Singapore, 2016

The featured fish-eating hawks and kites generally range over woodland or forest and feed in coast, wetland and other freshwater environments. The brown hawk-owl and black baza inhabit forest and woodland where they feed while the buffy fish-owl feeds in water environments near woodland. Grey-headed Fish Eagle IUCN conservation status is near threatened [NT]species.

All the images were photographed in Singapore.

Hawks, eagles and relatives are part of the Accipitridae family, Accipitriformes order while the owls belong to the Strigidae family, Strigiformes order.

Image Highlights of Birds of Prey

Accipitriformes order

Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles and relative) family

Grey-headed Fish Eagle (Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus) [NT]

White-bellied Sea-eagle (Haliaeetus leucogaster)

Brahminy Kite (Haliastur indus)

Black Baza (Aviceda leuphotes)

Strigiformes order

Strigidae (Owls) family

Buffy Fish-owl (Ketupa ketupu)

Brown Hawk-owl (Ninox scutulata) or Brown Boobook

Taxonomic Classification

The resources I use for taxonomic classification include several authoritative websites and databases; these are discussed in Birds (Aves) taxonomic Identification and Classification section on my wildlife web page.

Birdlife International (Ref 2) and the IOC World Bird List (Ref 4) list all kingfishers under one, the Alcedinidae family. Sibley-Ahlquist taxonomy based on DNA-DNA hybridisation studies differs from the traditional approach and has identified three monophyletic groups within the kingfisher clade. Some taxonomists such as Sibley and Monroe 1990, Christidis and Boles 2008 have elevated the three monophyletic groups to family status (Alcedinidae, Halcyonidae and Cerylidae) and placed them in the suborder Alcedines while Moyle 2007 has grouped them into three subfamilies: Alcedininae, Halcyoninae and Cerylinae IOC World Bird List (Ref 4) and Taxonomy in Flux Checklist (Ref 5) refer.

The Bucerotidae (Hornbills) and Upupidae (Hoopoes) families that was originally listed under the Coraciiformes order have been moved to the Bucerotiformes order most authoritative websites and check list concur.

The Bucerotidae (Hornbills) and Upupidae (Hoopoes) families that was originally listed under the Coraciiformes order have been moved to the Bucerotiformes order most authoritative websites and check list concur.

Taxonomy note

I've listed kingfisher species in the Alcedinidae family under three subfamilies: Alcedininae (river kingfishers), Halcyoninae (tree or wood kingfishers) and Cerylidae (water kingfishers).

Abbreviations

IOC:  International Ornithological Congress

DNA: Deoxyribonucleic acid

[NT]: Near Threatened

IUCN: International Union for Conservation of Nature

Ringed Kingfisher (Megaceryle torquata), La Vaga, Trinidad Black-backed Kingfisher (ceyx erithacus), Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Singapore, 2016 Blue-throated Bee-eater Botanic Gardens, Singapore American Pygmy-kingfisher (Chloroceryle aenea), Caroni Swamp, Trinidad, 2015 Oriental Pied Hornbill (Anthracoceros albirostris), Sungei Buloh, Singapore, 2015 Common or Eurasian Kingfisher Singapore Immature Collared Kingfisher Singapore Botanic Gardens Laughing Kookaburra feeding on ground, Grampian Mountains, Australia Stork-Billed Kingfisher Singapore White-throated Kingfisher Singapore Grey-headed Fish Eagle (Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus) harassing an Immature White-bellied Sea-eagle (Haliaeetus leucogaster), Dairy Farm Nature Park, Singapore, 2016 Brahminy Kite (Haliastur indus) fishing, Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve, Singapore, 2016 Black Baza (Aviceda leuphotes), Pasir Ris Park, Singapore, 2016 Buffy Fish-owl (Ketupa ketupu), Pasir Ris Park, Singapore, 2016 Brown Hawk-owl (Ninox scutulata), Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Singapore, 2016 Immature White-bellied Sea-eagle (Haliaeetus leucogaster), Dairy Farm Nature Park, Singapore, 2016