Copyright © 2005-2017 Ray Plowman All Rights Reserved
For each bird image, I've identified its taxonomic order, family, genus, species and common name. Where known or of interest I've added gender, IUCN red list status (if threatened) and check list status items such as endemic, resident and migrant data.
The first grouping of forest and garden habitat webpages feature several image collections of New World (Neotropic ecozone) bird species that include images of hummingbirds (Trochilidae family), several families of oscine and suboscine passerines and a few images from different orders and families of non-passerines. One Nearctic species is featured on this webpage..
The second collection of forest and garden habitat webpages feature bird species I photographed in the Old-World; Afrotropic, Australasian, Palearctic and Indomalaya ecozones.
It includes three webpages featuring:
(a) Australasian oscine passerines and a New Zealand wren;
(b) Old World oscine and suboscine passerines;
(c) Old World, including Australasia non-passerines.
The Australasian birds were photographed in New Zealand and the Australian states of South Australia, Victoria, and New South Wales. Old World oscine passerines and non-passerines birds in the Indian Ocean Islands, Singapore and Malaysia.
This set of webpages feature birds that mostly inhabit forest and woodland that is near water.
Kingfishers photographed in the New World (Neotropic ecozone) and Old-World (Indomalaya ecozone). Rather than having one single kingfisher image collection I've taken the new taxonomy approach (see taxonomic note) and split the kingfisher collections into two parts: (a) Alcedininae (river kingfishers) and allies that inhabit open areas or at the forest edge: bee-eater (Meropidae) and hornbill (Bucerotidae). (b) Halcyoninae (tree or wood kingfishers) and Cerylinae (water kingfishers), the latter are exclusively New World Species.
Birds of prey photographed in the Old-World (Indomalaya ecozone) ecozone include birds of prey that range over forest and woodland some feed in water environments while others are inhabit primarily forest.
Marine and coastal habitat webpages feature images of birds photographed in the Old-World (Palearctic and Australasian ecozones). The birds were photographed on the shore or in coastal waters and include images of albatross (Diomedeidae family) and shearwater (Procellariidae family), penguin (Spheniscidae family) and auks (Alcidae family).
The first collection of wetland and coastal habitat webpages feature several image galleries of bird species photographed in the Afrotropic, Australasia, Indomalaya, Neotropic, and Palearctic ecozones. These bird species feature herons, bitterns, egrets (Ardeidae family), ibises (Threskiornithidae family), pelicans (Pelecanidae family), storks (Ciconiidae family), flamingo (Phoenicopteridae family), cormorants/shags (Phalacrocoracidae) family and anhinga (Anhingidae family).
This second set of wetland and coastal habitat birds feature several image galleries of cosmopolitan, native to one region or country endemic bird species photographed in the Afrotropic, Australasia, Indomalaya, Neotropic, and Palearctic ecozones. The species are waders, gulls, terns (several families), waterfowl (Anatidae family) and rails and coots (Rallidae family).
Passerines or perching birds are so called because of their toe arrangement, three toes forward and one backward allowing them to grip a perch. They are vocal, small to medium size, brightly coloured birds that need to care for their chicks before they can fledge.
Passerines are birds that belong to Passeriformes order the largest and most diverse that contains about half of all known species, the clade is divided into:
(a) The oscine passerines (Passeri), often but less accurately called songbirds, contain about 4000 species; these have highly developed voice boxes and are distributed worldwide;
(b) Suboscine passerines contain about 1000 species; these have simple voice boxes with pan-tropical distribution;
(c) Acanthisittidae clade contains six known species of wren all endemic to New Zealand.
Non-passerines refer to the other 5000 or so birds that are placed in the other non-passerine orders.
Authorities disagree as to the number of species and their placement in families and orders. Depending on source and checklist date, Sibley and Monroe recognised around 9702 species including passerines placed in 142 to 145 families divided into 21 to 23 orders. The species list is reasonably constant, give or take a hundred or so, but their placement in families and orders is ever changing as is sub-species and common names. The number of non-passerine orders, families and species varies in the primary sources I reference, currently:
(b) IOC World Bird List (Ref 4) lists 39 orders.
(c) Taxonomy in Flux Checklist (Ref 5) lists 45 orders.
Reference hyperlinks open in a new window.