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Birds Photographed in their Natural Habitats

I've grouped my bird images by habitat, where I photographed them and then into collections by ecozone/country and taxonomic rank.

For each bird image, I've identified its taxonomic order, family, genus, species and common name. Where known or of interest I've added gender, IUCN red list status (if threatened) and check list status items such as endemic, resident and migrant data.

Forest Spectacled Thrush (Turdu nudigenis nudigenis), collecting nest material, Trinidad, 2015and Garden Habitat (1)

The first grouping of forest and garden habitat webpages feature several image collections of New World (Neotropic ecozone) bird species that include images of hummingbirds (Trochilidae family), several families of oscine and suboscine passerines and a few images from different orders and families of non-passerines.  One Nearctic species is featured on this webpage..

Forest Common Blackbird (Turdus merula), Aoraki Mount Cook National Park, Canterbury, 2015and Garden Habitat (2)

The second collection of forest and garden habitat webpages feature bird species I photographed in the Old-World; Afrotropic, Australasian, Palearctic and Indomalaya ecozones.

It includes three webpages featuring:

(a) Australasian oscine passerines and a New Zealand wren;

(b) Old World oscine and suboscine passerines;

(c)  Old World, including Australasia non-passerines.

The Australasian birds were photographed in New Zealand and the Australian states of South Australia, Victoria, and New South Wales. Old World oscine passerines and non-passerines birds in the Indian Ocean Islands, Singapore and Malaysia.

ForestBirds of Forest and Water Habitat and Water Habitat

This set of webpages feature birds that mostly inhabit forest and woodland that is near water.

Kingfishers photographed in the New World (Neotropic ecozone) and Old-World (Indomalaya ecozone). Rather than having one single kingfisher image collection I've taken the new taxonomy approach (see taxonomic note) and split the kingfisher collections into two parts: (a) Alcedininae (river kingfishers) and allies that inhabit open areas or at the forest edge: bee-eater (Meropidae) and hornbill (Bucerotidae). (b) Halcyoninae (tree or wood kingfishers) and Cerylinae (water kingfishers), the latter are exclusively New World Species.

Birds of prey photographed in the Old-World (Indomalaya ecozone) ecozone include birds of prey that range over forest and woodland some feed in water environments while others are inhabit primarily forest.

Marine aMarine and Cosatal Habitatnd Costal Habitat

Marine and coastal habitat webpages feature images of birds photographed in the Old-World (Palearctic and Australasian ecozones). The birds were photographed on the shore or in coastal waters and include images of albatross (Diomedeidae family) and shearwater (Procellariidae family), penguin (Spheniscidae family) and auks (Alcidae family).

Wetland aWetland and Coastal Habitat (1)nd Coastal Habitat (1)

The first collection of wetland and coastal habitat webpages feature several image galleries of bird species photographed in the Afrotropic, Australasia, Indomalaya, Neotropic, and Palearctic ecozones. These bird species feature herons, bitterns, egrets (Ardeidae family), ibises (Threskiornithidae family), pelicans (Pelecanidae family), storks (Ciconiidae family), flamingo (Phoenicopteridae family), cormorants/shags (Phalacrocoracidae) family and anhinga (Anhingidae family).

WetlanWetland and Coastal Habitat (2)d and Coastal Habitat (2)

This second set of wetland and coastal habitat birds feature several image galleries of cosmopolitan, native to one region or country endemic bird species photographed in the Afrotropic, Australasia, Indomalaya, Neotropic, and Palearctic ecozones. The species are waders, gulls, terns (several families), waterfowl (Anatidae family) and rails and coots (Rallidae family).

Passerines and Non-Passerines

Passerines or perching birds are so called because of their toe arrangement, three toes forward and one backward allowing them to grip a perch. They are vocal, small to medium size, brightly coloured birds that need to care for their chicks before they can fledge.

Passerines are birds that belong to Passeriformes order the largest and most diverse that contains about half of all known species, the clade is divided into:

(a) The oscine passerines (Passeri), often but less accurately called songbirds, contain about 4000 species; these have highly developed voice boxes and are distributed worldwide;

(b) Suboscine passerines contain about 1000 species; these have simple voice boxes with pan-tropical distribution;

(c) Acanthisittidae clade contains six known species of wren all endemic to New Zealand.

Non-passerines refer to the other 5000 or so birds that are placed in the other non-passerine orders.

Authorities disagree as to the number of species and their placement in families and orders. Depending on source and checklist date, Sibley and Monroe recognised around 9702 species including passerines placed in 142 to 145 families divided into 21 to 23 orders. The species list is reasonably constant, give or take a hundred or so, but their placement in families and orders is ever changing as is sub-species and common names. The number of non-passerine orders, families and species varies in the primary sources I reference, currently:

(a) BirdLife International (Ref 2), Handbook of the Birds of the World (Ref 2.1) and IUCN Red List (Ref 3) lists 35 orders.

(b) IOC World Bird List (Ref 4) lists 39 orders.

(c) Taxonomy in Flux Checklist (Ref 5) lists 45 orders.

Reference hyperlinks open in a new window.

Male Tufted Coquette hummingbird (Lophornis ornatus), at rest, Trinidad, 2015 Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata), Halifax, Canada, 2009 Male Scarlet Myzomela (Myzomela sanguinolenta) feeding on grass-tree nectar Female Olive Backed Sunbird (Nectarina jugularis) at Sungei Buloh, Singapore Female Olive Bornean Crested Fireback (Lophura ignita) at Taman Negara National Park, Malaysia Banded Woodpecker (Chrysophlegma miniaceum) at Singapore Botanic Garden Oriental Pied Hornbill (Anthracoceros albirostris), Sungei Buloh, Singapore, 2015 Immature Collared Kingfisher (Todiramphus chloris), Singapore Botanic Gardens, 2013 Immature White-bellied Sea-eagle (Haliaeetus leucogaster), Dairy Farm Nature Park, Singapore, 2016 Brown Hawk-owl (Ninox scutulata), Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Singapore, 2016 Immature Yellow-eyed Penguin (Megadyptes antipodes) taking a swim at Pilots Beach, Otago Peninsula, New Zealand, 2012 Northern Royal Albatross (Diomedea sanfordi), On Water, Kaikoura Pelagic, New Zealand, 2015 Variant (possible hybrid Striated x Green Heron) (Butorides striata x virescens), La Vaga Lakes, Trinidad, 2015 Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea), speared fish with lower mandible, Japanese Garden, Jurong, Singapore, 2013 Variable Oystercatcher (Haematopus unicolor), Pilots Beach, Otago Peninsula, New Zealand, 2012 Crab Plover (Dromas ardeola), Adult and Immature, Anse Bazarca Beach, Seychelles, 2012