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Old World and Australasian Non-Passerines Photographed in Forest and Rural Garden Habitat

This webpage showcases four image collections of non-passerines birds in that I photographed in forest, woodland, park, rural garden and nature reserve habitat. The first collection is Old World non-passerine woodpeckers, cuckoos, cockatoos and parrots while the second is doves, pigeons, rails and fowl. The third collection is Australasian cuckoo, pigeon and rail while the fourth is cuckoo, cockatoo, parrot and pigeon. Full size images are captioned with the bird species common and scientific name together with the area and country where I photographed them.

Old World Non-Passerines (I)

This collection features images of Old World woodpecker, cuckoo, cockatoo and parrot species.

The great spotted woodpecker is a UK resident that was in my back garden. All the other woodpeckers are all Singapore resident species and the collection includes images of the sexual dimorphic common flameback and laced woodpecker.

The Malaysian hawk-cuckoo and large hawk-cuckoo are migrant winter visitors to Singapore while the Asian koel is a resident species. The banded bay cuckoo, chestnut-breasted, malkoha greater coucal and fork-tailed drongo-cuckoo are all resident Malaysian species. I also photographed a migrant fork-tailed drongo-cuckoo in Singapore, I've included an image for comparison with the Malaysian bird. The fork-tailed drongo-cuckoo (Surniculus dicruroides) was split from square-tailed drongo-cuckoo S. lugubris, see IOC World Bird List Ref 4.

Images of two IUCN red listed near threatened species; tanimbar corella cockatoo at the Japanese Garden and red-breasted parakeet in Bidadari Cemetery Woodland are also featured.

Female Laced Woodpecker (Picus vittatus) in Pasir Ris Park, Singapore Rufous Woodpecker (Micropternus brachyurus), Bidadari Cemetery and Woodland, Singapore, 2015 Male Banded Woodpecker (Chrysophlegma miniaceum) at Singapore Botanic Gardens Male Banded Woodpecker (Chrysophlegma miniaceum) at Singapore Botanic Gardens Great Spotted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos major in Yateley Garden, Hampshire Malaysian hawk-cuckoo (Hierococcyx fugax) at Bidadari Cemetery Woodland, Singapore Banded Bay Cuckoo (Cacomantis sonneratii) at Taman Negara National Park, Malaysia Fork-tailed Drongo-cuckoo (Surniculus dicruroides) at Kuala Selangor Nature Park, Malaysia Fork-tailed Drongo-cuckoo (Surniculus dicruroides) in Pasir Ris Park, Singapore Greater Coucal (Centropus sinensis) at Taman Negara National Park, Malaysia Chestnut-breasted Malkoha (Phaenicophaeus curvirostris) at Taman Negara National Park, Malaysia Large Hawk-cuckoo (Hierococcyx sparverioideso) at Bidadari Cemetery  Woodland, Singapore Female Common Flameback Woodpecker (Dinopium javanense) in Pasir Ris Park, Singapore Common Flameback Woodpecker (Dinopium javanense), Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve, Singapore, 2015 Tanimbar Corella (Cacatua goffiniana), Japanese Garden, East Jurong, Singapore, 2015 Red-breasted Parakeet (Psittacula alexandri) in Pasir Ris Park, Singapore Asian (Western) Koel (Eudynamys scolopaceus) in Chinese Garden, Singapore

Featured Old World Non-Passerines (I)

Piciformes order, Picidae (Woodpecker) family

Banded Woodpecker (Chrysophlegma miniaceum)

Common Flameback Woodpecker (Dinopium javanense) {m & f}

Great Spotted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos major)

Laced Woodpecker (Picus vittatus) {m & f}

Rufous Woodpecker (Micropternus brachyurus)

Psittaciformes order, Psittaculidae (Parrot) family

Red-breasted Parakeet (Psittacula alexandri) [NT]

Cacatuidae (Cockatoos) family

Tanimbar Corella (Cacatua goffiniana) [NT]

Cuculiformes order

Cuculidae (Cuckoos) family

Asian (Western) Koel (Eudynamys scolopaceus) {f}

Banded Bay Cuckoo (Cacomantis sonneratii)

Chestnut-breasted Malkoha (Phaenicophaeus curvirostris)

Fork-tailed Drongo-cuckoo (Surniculus dicruroides)

Greater Coucal (Centropus sinensis)

Large Hawk-cuckoo (Hierococcyx sparverioide)

Malaysian hawk-cuckoo (Hierococcyx fugax)

Old World Non-Passerines (II)

Old-World non-passerine doves, pigeons, rails and fowl feature in this collection.

The dove images are Singapore resident species except for the sleepy zebra dove, which is introduced in the Seychelles and known locally as a barred ground dove.

Several pigeon species are displayed, all are resident in the countries where I photographed them – the woodpigeon in the UK, the mountain imperial in Malaysia and apart for the Indian Ocean species all the others in Singapore including male and female images of the pink-necked pigeon.

The Indian Ocean species feature an introduced Madagasy turtle-dove on Mahe Island in the Seychelles and a pink-pigeon on Mauritius, which is an endemic species and ICUN red listed as endangered. The Mauritian Wildlife Foundation (Ref MWF) estimates that the number of wild pink pigeons is around 470 distributed in five sub-populations in the Black River Georges National Park.

What is commonly known as a rock pigeon or just a 'pigeon' is an introduced feral species in Singapore and seen in urban environments around the world; it's an ancestor of the wild rock dove. 'Pigeons' have wide colour variation from white through to black. There is a small colony in the Botanic Gardens that exhibit this full range of colours. The image in the collection is very like the wild rock dove, now only found on sea cliffs on the west coasts of Scotland, Ireland and on the Shetland Island (RSPB, Ref 10).

Fowl images include an IUCN red listed near threatened Bornean crested fireback in Taman Negara National Park; male and female dimorphic red junglefowl in Singapore.

Mountain Imperial Pigeon (Ducula badia) at Frasers Hill, Malaysia Eastern Spotted Dove (Spilopelia chinensis), Botanic Gardens, Singapore, 2015 Zebra Dove (Geopelia striata), Chinese Garden, East Jurong, Singapore, 2015 Pink Pigeon (Nesoenas mayeri), Macchabee Trail, Black River Gorges National Park, Mauritius Bornean Crested Fireback (Lophura ignita) at Taman Negara National Park, Malaysia Pied Imperial Pigeon (Ducula bicolor) in Chinese Garden, Singapore Male Pink-necked Green-pigeon (Treron vernans) in Dairy Farm Nature Park, Singapore Female Pink-necked Green-pigeon (Treron vernans), Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve, Singapore, 2015 Common Emerald-dove (Chalcophaps indica), Central Catchment Area, Singapore, 2015 Woodpigeon (Columba palumbus) in Yateley Garden, Hampshire, UK, Barred Ground Dove (Geopelia striata) in residential garden at Aux Pins Rock Dove (Columba livia), Chinese Garden, East Jurong, Singapore, 2015 Male Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus) in Singapore Botanic Gardens Female Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus) in Pasir Ris Park, Singapore Madagasy Turtle-Dove (Nesoenas picturata), Mahe Island, Seychelles, 2011.

Featured Old World Non-Passerines Species (II)

Columbiformes order,

Columbidae (Pigeons, Doves) family

Common Emerald-dove (Chalcophaps indica) {f}

Eastern Spotted Dove (Spilopelia chinensis)

Madagascar Turtle-dove (Nesoenas picturata)

Mountain Imperial Pigeon (Ducula badia)

Pink-necked Green-pigeon (Treron vernans) {m & f}

Pied Imperial Pigeon (Ducula bicolor)

Pink Pigeon (Nesoenas mayeri) [EN]

Columbidae (Pigeons, Doves) family continued

Rock Dove (Columba livia) sexual dimorphism

Woodpigeon (Columba palumbus)

Zebra Dove (Geopelia striata)

{Or Barred Ground Dove (Geopelia striata)}

Order: Galliformes (Fowl),

Phasianidae (Fowl) family

Bornean Crested Fireback (Lophura ignita) [NT]

Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus) {m & f}

New Zealand Non-Passerines

The collection displays New Zealand non-passerines pigeon, cuckoo and rail. I came across a pair of endemic ICUN listed near threatened New Zealand pigeons on Long Point Road in the Catlins, they were happy to pose. Another endemic is the weka that is listed as vulnerable in the ICUN red list. I managed to get weka images at two different locations on the South Island's west coast, the birds are probably the same subspecies G. a. australis. The shining bronze-cuckoo, Chalcites lucidus lucidus subspecies is a breeding migrant that winters in the Solomon Islands and Bismark Archipelago.

Weka (Gallirallus australis), Kahurangi NP, West Coast, New Zealand, 2015 Pair of New Zealand Pigeon (Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae), Catlins, Otago, New Zealand, 2015 New Zealand Pigeon (Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae), Catlins, Otago, New Zealand, 2015 Weka (Gallirallus australis), with worm, Bellbird walk, Lake Mahinapua, West Coast, New Zealand, 2015 Shining Bronze-cuckoo (Chalcites lucidus), Orokonui Ecosancturay, Otago, New Zealand, 2015

Featured New Zealand Suboscine and Wren Species

Columbiformes order,

Columbidae (Doves and Pigeons) family

New Zealand Pigeon (Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae)

Cuculiformes order, Cuculidae (Cuckoos) family

Shining Bronze-cuckoo (Chalcites lucidus)

Gruiformes order, Rallidae (Rails) family

Weka (Gallirallus australis)

Australian Non-Passerines

The last collection features of Australian Non-Passerines resident pigeon, cuckoo, cockatoo and parrot species photographed at Victoria's Wilsons Promontory National Park and Tower Hill Reserve; South Australia's Adelaide Botanic Garden and Victor Harbor's Granite Island; and the Royal Botanic Gardens in Sydney, New South Wales. Although some of the species can be found in rural gardens most prefer forest habitat.

Brush Cuckoo (Cacomantis variolosus), Tower Hill Reserve, Victoria, Australia, 2013 Rainbow Lorikeet (Trichoglossus moluccanus) in Adelaide Botanic Garden Sulphur Crested Cockatoo (Cacatua galerita), Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 2013 Crested Pigeon (Ocyphaps lophotes), Granite Island, Victor Harbor, South Australia, 2013 Long-billed Corella (Cacatua tenuirostris) and Sulphur Crested Cockatoo (Cacatua galerita), Wilsons Promontory National Park, South Gippsland, 2013 Eastern Rosella (Platycercus eximius) in Adelaide Botanic Garden

Featured Australian Non-Passerines

Columbiformes order,

Columbidae (Doves and Pigeons) family

Crested Pigeon (Ocyphaps lophotes)

Cuculiformes order, Cuculidae (Cuckoos) family

Brush Cuckoo (Cacomantis variolosus)

Psittaciformes order,

Cacatuidae (Cockatoos) family

Long-billed Corella (Cacatua tenuirostris)

Sulphur Crested Cockatoo (Cacatua galerita)

Psittaciformes order,

Psittaculidae (Parrot) family

Eastern Rosella (Platycercus eximius)

Rainbow Lorikeet (Trichoglossus moluccanus)


IUCN: International Union for Conservation of Nature

[EN] Endangered; [VU] Vulnerable; [NT] Near Threatened; {m} Male; {f} Female.

Webpage References

Ref MWF: (Mauritian Wildlife Foundation): Pink Pigeon Nesoenas mayeri. [Online] Available from: [Accessed 2nd February 2016].